Dog collars come in a vast array of styles, widths, materials, and colors and selecting the right color can sometimes be overwhelming. The basic styles of dog collars are flat or adjustable buckle, martingale, and chain slip. In an effort to help you select the best collar for your dog, we’ve listed some of the attributes of each option below.
Flat or adjustable buckle collars are the most common type and they come in a large variety of sizes, colors, and materials. Flat buckle collars have a metal buckle and a selection of holes. Adjustable buckle collars snap together and usually have an adjustment that enables the collar to be made larger or smaller. Both of these styles are easy to adjust, making them a good choice for growing puppies. A third type of adjustable collar is a rolled collar. These are a slight variation on the flat buckle style and are usually made of leather.
Martingale collars have a regular style collar with both a non-active and an active ring option. This type of collar is designed to provide more control over an animal without the choking effect of a slip collar. They are also known as greyhound, whippet or human choke collars.
When measuring for or fitting dog collars you should keep in mind that the collar should be snug with room to fit two fingers between your dog's neck and his collar. Collars should never be so tight that they restrict your dog’s breathing or cause it to cough. On the other hand, with the exception of chain slip collars, the collar should not be loose enough to slip over the pet's head. In order to determine proper collar size you should measure your dog’s neck and then add two or three inches.
The Step-In harness is designed to make it simple to harness your dog. To put it on, simply lay the harness flat, place both front paws in the openings and snap the harness closed at the back.
The Roman harness slips over the dog's head, one leg goes into the armhole, and the bottom strap is brought around and buckled.
The Vest or Sport style harness can either be designed in the step-in or roman style. This type of harness places the D-ring for the leash farther down on the dog’s back, away from the throat.
Head Halters or Head Collars provides gentle guidance to stop dogs from pulling while walking. Designed for the optimum in positive reinforcement, the head collar simplifies training by letting you control your dog's head allowing his body to follow.
The Front Attachment harness is generally a step-in style and has the leash attachment on the front of the harness to prevent the dog from pulling.
Like collars, harnesses also come in a diverse range of shapes, sizes, colors, and materials. Nylon and mesh are common materials for harnesses and most are available in either padded or non-padded options. Colors range from standard black to fun prints to florescent colors.
When measuring your dog for a harness there are several measurements you should take. The first is the neck measurement should be taken around your dog’s neck where the collar would be. The second is the girth measurement and should be taken around the dog’s body, at the largest area of behind the front legs. The third measurement is the chest width and should be taken from where the girth measurement was on the left side, across the chest, to where the girth measurement was taken on the right side.